Have you or your loved one been arrested in connection with the death of another person? Top on the list is learning the difference between manslaughter vs. murders. It will give you great insights into how to handle the case awaiting you.
Manslaughter, murder, and homicide are the three charges applicable to you. Even though these terms seem confusing, they refer to various types of crimes. This article will primarily look at manslaughter vs. murders. First, however, it is good to start by understanding the meaning of homicide.
What Is Murder?
Murder is a homicide which is the illegal killing of another person. It typically refers to killing another human being after a malicious afterthought.
Malice is typically the desire, intention, and knowledge to do evil. Malice’s afterthought comes in when someone kills another person without intending to do so. After that, you get charged with first-degree, second-degree, or capital murder.
Types Of Murder
There are three types of murders that everyone should know about in detail. They are:
1. First Degree Murder
The penalty for this criminal offense can go up to 25 years of life imprisonment. Capital murder is an example of first-degree murder. Punishments for this crime include life imprisonment with no possibility of death or parole.
2. Second Degree Murder
This is the murder without a preconceived intention of killing. It has a penalty of about 15 years of life imprisonment.
This is a subset of 1st-degree murder. It is executed when someone gets killed while taking part in a felony – like rape or robbery.
What Is Manslaughter?
Manslaughter typically refers to unintentionally killing another individual. The case then gets treated as a less severe crime like murder. There are two forms of manslaughter which are voluntary manslaughter and involuntary manslaughter.
Voluntary manslaughter takes place when a person kills another with no premeditation. It took place when the killing was not premeditated.
The provocation here will be that any reasonable person will have acted similarly under similar circumstances. Accordingly, the penalty for this offense may be up to eleven years of imprisonment.
Involuntary manslaughter takes place when a person kills another through actions that entail a wanton disregarding of life by the other person. The act gets committed without an actual intent to kill or premeditation.
However, the other individual’s death still takes place as a result. The penalty for involuntary manslaughter can be up to five years of imprisonment.
Vehicular manslaughter occurs when an individual dies in a motor vehicle accident due to the gross negligence of the driver.
Things To Know About Manslaughter And Murders
Murders and manslaughter will not always be intentional. Therefore, keep these things in mind
State Of Mind
Courts and legislatures have developed a whole body of law that relates to the mental state differences between involuntary manslaughter and unintentional second-degree murder. But unfortunately, its determination typically narrows down to the level of blameworthy the fact-finder establishes in the defendant.
For instance, suppose a person is driving a track that runs over, killing another person. The following accusations can get applied in this case;
Not Guilty Of Committing A Crime At All
If the offender gets issued a civil case, he can pay the family damages for negligence. That implies that the driver did not use ordinary care.
Conviction Of Involuntary Manslaughter
If the drivers’ actions were reckless, i.e., he was negligent more than ordinary, like driving under alcohol influence, he may face the conviction of involuntary manslaughter. That is why you need a clear definition of manslaughter to be able to understand all this.
Second Degree Murder Conviction
Most people don’t understand what second-degree manslaughter and murder are. However, if the driver’s behavior demonstrates a high disregard for human life, the judge will consider it a malice afterthought.
The crime in such a case would be second-degree murder. For instance, the driver may kill the victim for DUI, and also his license had been withdrawn because of the past convictions of drinking under influence. Therefore, the judge will convict you for 2nd-degree murder.
Manslaughter vs. Murders: Difference Between Manslaughter And Murders
Several case examples can help you to understand the difference between manslaughter vs. murders. The secret is looking at each of them within their context.
Suppose Martin is walking along a bustling street. James bumps into Martin and walks away without apologizing. Martin gets angered by the rudeness of James, takes his gun, and shoots him.
Martin can be convicted of 2nd-degree murder because he killed James intentionally. However, this killing was most likely not deliberate, which could have elevated the gun shooting to first-degree murder. Therefore, this is not also a form of heat of passion killing that will equal voluntary manslaughter.
Even though Martin gets provoked in one way or another, the circumstances under which this took place were not that extreme to make a reasonable person get out of control.
Intentional Act From An Accidental Result
Suppose Mike and John are standing on top of a staircase, then an argument emerges between them. The discussion may get increasingly animated, making Mike point the finger at John. This makes John push James backward, fall down the stairs, and die.
It is another clear example that differentiates manslaughter vs. murders. James may be guilty of committing involuntary manslaughter. However, shoving someone standing at the top of the balcony is criminal negligence.
However, the circumstances under which this occurred don’t suggest that the behavior was reckless to tell extreme indifference to human life. If this was the case, it might elevate the offense to first-degree murder or 1st-degree manslaughter.
The judge must establish whether the provocation extent made this homicide voluntary manslaughter. All these points lead to understanding what 2nd-degree manslaughter is and is manslaughter a felony.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Q1. What Is Worse Manslaughter Or Homicide?
Ans. Homicide is worse than manslaughter.
Q2. Are Manslaughter And Homicide The Same?
Ans. No, manslaughter and homicide are not the same.
Q3. How Many Years Do You Get For Manslaughter?
Ans. You get a minimum of 10 years life sentence for manslaughter.
Q4. How Long Is A Life Sentence?
Ans. A life sentence starts with a minimum of 18 years of prison.
You can now compare and contrast murder vs. manslaughter with all this information. There are also times when the murderer has a cooling-off period before the offender executes his plan. All this will help to tell whether you are dealing with first-degree manslaughter or if it is something else.
Whatever the case, the circumstances under which this occurs will help the judge differentiate between manslaughter vs. murders. The punishment also depends on the intensity of the murder or manslaughter. A reputable lawyer will help you reduce the verdict from a possible murder to manslaughter.